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Politics

Iran's Guardian Council Aims to Speed Up Vetting of Presidential Candidates

June 4, 2024
1 min read
The Council comprises six jurist members appointed by the Supreme Leader and six jurist members elected by the parliament upon the judiciary head’s nomination. It has historically disqualified numerous candidates from previous presidential elections
The Council comprises six jurist members appointed by the Supreme Leader and six jurist members elected by the parliament upon the judiciary head’s nomination. It has historically disqualified numerous candidates from previous presidential elections

Following the conclusion of candidate registration for Iran's snap presidential elections, the Guardian Council has announced plans to reduce the review time “as much as possible to allow more campaigning time for candidates.”

According to legal requirements, the Guardian Council is allotted five days to review candidate qualifications, with the possibility of extending this period by another five days. 

However, Tahan Nazif, the Council’s spokesman, indicated that while the Council will use the initial five days, they aim to minimize the additional five-day extension.

To be deemed qualified, each candidate must secure the approval of seven out of 12 Guardian Council members. 

The Council comprises six jurist members appointed by the Supreme Leader and six jurist members elected by the parliament upon the judiciary head’s nomination. It has historically disqualified numerous candidates from previous presidential elections.

In the 2021 elections, notable disqualifications included former President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Parliament Speaker Ali Larijani, and First Vice President Eshaq Jahangiri – all participating again this term.

Nazif emphasized that while the qualification criteria remain unchanged, individual circumstances and past ambiguities have evolved, and the composition of the Guardian Council has also seen changes.

The early elections, set for June 28, were prompted by the death of President Ebrahim Raisi in a helicopter crash.

During the candidate registration period, 80 individuals were nominated, including 38 MPs, three current government ministers, 13 former government ministers, one retired and one current Parliament speaker, one former president, and four women. 

Most candidates align with the fundamentalist movement, while others are reformist or independent.

The Ministry of Interior will announce the qualified candidates on June 11, after which the final candidates will have limited campaign time.

Despite historically low voter turnout in recent elections, the Islamic Republic’s institutions and media predict over 53 percent voter participation in the upcoming election by citing various surveys.

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