At least 46 children have been killed by Iranian security forces since a new wave of public anger erupted following the September 16 death of a young woman in the custody of morality police, according to human rights organizations.
Children are entitled to the same human rights and fundamental freedoms as all individuals, but they have been given special status and protection – due to their greater vulnerability -- within the United Nations framework and in human rights treaties that makes it mandatory for states to ensure their protection.
Violations of children’s rights by states actors are considered particularly serious. Killing and maiming children in times of conflict is one of the six grave violations identified and condemned by the UN Security Council.
The dozens of Iranian children killed over the past weeks were among the more than 300 people slain in the state crackdown on protests, which could amount to a widespread and systematic attack on the civilian population – a crime against humanity. The prohibition of crimes against humanity has been considered a peremptory norm of international law, from which no derogation is permitted and which is applicable to all states.
Murder and torture constitute a crime against humanity “when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population, with knowledge of the attack,” according to Article 7 of the 1998 Rome Statute establishing the International Criminal Court.
IranWire has so far published the names of 241 people killed in the protests since September 16, including 46 under-18s representing more than 20 percent of the identified victims. IranWire has obtained information about more children killed by security forces and will publish it after identifying the victims.
Children have been killed in at least 19 Iranian cities in 11 provinces: Sistan and Baluchistan, West Azerbaijan, Zanjan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad, Tehran, Kurdistan, Kermanshah, Gilan, Alborz, Ardabil, Khuzestan. The cities are Ashnoye, Zanjan, Dehdasht, Zahedan, Khash, Urumia, Tehran, Shahr-e-Rey, Sanandaj, Piranshahr, Saravan, Bandar Anzali, Hashtgerd, Islamabad Gharb, Karaj, Kermanshah, Ardabil, Izeh and Saqqez.
Most of the children were killed in three ways: pellets fired at close range; shooting with long-range and precision weapons that hit vital organs; multiple baton blows to the head resulting in skull fractures and brain bleedings.
In many cases the security forces deliberately intended to kill underage boys and girls, the most vulnerable group among civilians.
The Islamic Republic has not conducted any credible investigation and no security officer has been charged so far over these reckless killings.
However, the authorities have disclaimed responsibility for these shocking murders and tried to hide the cause of deaths by abducting the victims' bodies and by threatening and arresting family members.
At the "Aban International People's Court," which looked at the crimes committed by the Islamic Republic during the November 2018 nationwide protests, the panel of judges consisting of a number of prominent international lawyers said that the Iranian government and security forces "without any doubt" committed "crimes against humanity." Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and 12 other Iranian leaders were found guilty.
When will the international community decide to open its eyes on the Islamic Republic’s barbaric crimes and punish its leaders for the killing of innocent children?
1. Zakaria Khial, 20 September, Piranshahr, aged 16
2. Amin Marefat, 21 September, Oshnavieh, aged 16
3. Seyed Mehdi Mousavai, 21 September, Zanjan, aged 16
4. Pedram Azarnoush, 22 September, Dehdasht, age 16
5. Abdollah Mohammadpour, 21 September, Balu Uromia, aged 16
6. Amir Farrokhipour, 28 September, Tehran, aged 17
7. Mohammad Amin Gamshadzehi, 30 September, Zahedan, aged 17
8. Mohammad Reza Sarvari, 21 September, Shar-e-Ray, aged 14
9. Omid Safarzehi, 30 September, Zahedan, aged 17
10. Jaber Shirouzehi, 30 September, Zahedan, aged 12
11. Omid Sarani, 30 September, Zahedan, aged 13
12. Sodeys Keshani, 30 September, Zahedan, aged 14
13. Mohammad Rakhshani, 30 September, Zahedan, aged 12
14. Yasser Shahouzehi, 30 September, Zahedan, aged 16
15. Omid Narui, 28 October, Zahedan, aged 12
16. Adel Kouchakzai (Barichi), 28 October, Zahedan, aged 14
17. Sarina Saedi, 26 October, Sanandaj, aged 16
18. Kumar Daroftadeh, 30 October, Piranshahr, aged 16
19. Mona Naghib, 22 October, Saravan, aged 8
20. Javad Pousheh, 30 October, Zahedan, aged 12
21. Amir Nowrouzi, 22 September, Banda-e-Anzali, aged 16
22. Parsa Rezadoust, 23 September, Hashtgerd, aged 17
23. Amir Ali Fouladi, 22 September, Islamabad-e-Gharb, aged 16
24. Sarina Esmailzadeh, 22 September, Mehrshahr Karaj, aged 16
25. Nika Shakarami, 21 September, Tehran, aged 17
26. Amirhossein Basati, 1 October, Kermanshah, aged 15
27. Mohammad Eghbal Nayebzehi (Shahnavazi), 30 September, aged 16
28. Asra Panahi Khanghah, 13 October, Ardabil, aged 15
29. Siavash Mahmoudi, 25 September, Tehran, aged 16
30. Nima Shafaghdout, 5 October, Uromia, aged 16
31. Setareh Tajik, 23 September, Tehran, aged 17
32. Samer Hashemzehi, Zahedan, aged 16
33. Yasser Bahadorzehi, 4 Novmeber, Khash, aged 17
34. Mobin Mirkazehi, 4 Novmeber, Khash, aged 14
35. Kian Pirfalak, 16 November, Izeh, aged 9
36. Sepehr Maghsoudi, 16 November, Izeh, aged 14
37. Ali Barahoui, 30 September, Zahedan, aged 11
38. Armin Sayyadi, 12 October, Kermanshah, aged 15
39. Danial Pabandi, 16 November, Saqqez, aged 17
40. Mehdi Hazrati, 8 November, Khorramdasht Karaj, aged 17, male, shot by security forces
41. Abolfazl Adinezadeh, 12 October, Mashhad, aged 16, male, shot by security forces
42. Danial Shahbakhsh, 30 September, Zahedan, aged 11, male, shot by security forces
43. Karvan Ghader Shokri, 19 November, Piranshahr, aged 16, male shot by security forces
44. Bahaoddin Veisi, 20 November, Javanrood, aged 16, male, shot by security forces
45. Parmis Hamnava, 25 October, Iranshahr, male, aged 14, female, beaten to death by security forces
46. Ali Mozaffari, 21 September, Ghouchan, member of Ghoochan Saipa volleyball team, aged 17, male