close button
Switch to Iranwire Light?
It looks like you’re having trouble loading the content on this page. Switch to Iranwire Light instead.
Women

Iranian Influential Women: Mahshid Amirshahi (1937-Present)

August 24, 2023
Maryam Dehkordi
6 min read
Mahshid Amirshahi was one of the few Iranian intellectuals who raised their voices against clergy interference in politics during the 1979 Islamic Revolution
Mahshid Amirshahi was one of the few Iranian intellectuals who raised their voices against clergy interference in politics during the 1979 Islamic Revolution
At the height of the 1979 Iranian revolution, Mahshid Amirshahi braved publishing an article supporting the shah’s last prime minister, Shapour Bakhtiar
At the height of the 1979 Iranian revolution, Mahshid Amirshahi braved publishing an article supporting the shah’s last prime minister, Shapour Bakhtiar

"I proudly raise my voice in support of Mr. Shapour Bakhtiar. Even if this voice remains alone in space, I have never been scared to be alone. This time, however, I am scared, not for my own sake but for the future of this land and the fate of all those I love."

These were the words of a young woman who was not afraid to stand up against the revolutionary tide that in 1979 was carrying most Iranians with itself. Mahshid Amirshahi stood on the side that she believed was the right one. On February 6, 1979, as the Islamic Revolution was taking hold in Iran, she wrote an article entitled “Is there nobody who supports Bakhtiar?” which was published in the newspaper Ayandegan. In the article, she expressed support for Shapour Bakhtiar, the last prime minister of the shah, and criticized the Iranian intellectuals, politicians, members of parliament and diplomats who kept silent about the clerics’ interference in politics or changed their stance at the threshold of the revolution. She was the only intellectual at the time who fearlessly raised her voice in opposition to the revolutionary turmoil that had gripped the nation.

Mahshid Amirshahi may not be known to many people born after the revolution. As a writer, satirist, translator and journalist, she went to France after the 1979 revolution and never returned to Iran. Since then, she has avoided interviews with the media. She has been very selective and built her unique world on the fringes, so much so that no one knows exactly when she was born, although April 1937 is the date usually cited. On the back cover of some of her publications are the words: "I don't think my date of birth and birth certificate number, my mother's name or my father's job are interesting to anyone but registrars. Therefore, exempt me from the pain of writing about such things and the readers from the boredom of reading them. Moreover, for a woman who is gradually looking for new white hairs in the mornings and anxiously examines the wrinkles under her eyes, it is not pleasant to talk about age. To insist on knowing it is far from having finesse."

Nevertheless, we know that her father, Amir Amirshahi, was one of the top retired judges from the Ministry of Justice and her mother, Molood Khanlari, was a prominent political and women's rights activist. They had three daughters, Mahshid being the middle one.

Mahshid Amirshahi attended school in Tehran, first at Firuzkuhi Primary School and then at Noorbakhsh High School. She then went to the United Kingdom to study physics. She returned to Iran after her graduation and began to translate literary works from English into Persian, which paved her way to join Franklin Publishing, a non-profit initiative that published books in the native languages of developing countries, as a literary and science editor.

At Franklin, she worked with prominent artists such as Nureddin Zarinkelk and the painter Parviz Kalantari. The collaboration motivated her to begin writing books for children. She also conducted research at the Iranian Educational Textbooks Planning Center and taught English at Paris Sorbonne University.

Before the 1979 revolution, Mahshid Amirshahi's name was unknown in the field of politics, but she was already known for her writing. Years later, after the publication of her book In the Presence, she was recognized as an intellectual and dubbed the "only honest narrator of the revolution.”

In one of the few interviews she gave, when asked by German newspaper with Deutsche Welle why she openly supported Bakhtiar at the peak of the revolution and opposed the Islamists and other revolutionaries, she said: "I think it was due to my acquaintance with the history of my country as well as other countries to some extent. History has shown that whenever religion interferes in politics, it has no fruit other than misery and oppression. Religious musts and must nots demand a kind of obedience from the people that the Iranians will not yield to; they are against individual freedom and democracy, which I have always believed in. I imagine when all those events began, I realized how dangerous the situation was as a result of my knowledge of history."

In the course of the revolution and particularly after her open support of Shapour Bakhtiar against the Islamists, she was inevitably forced to leave the country.

She had said that although the article she wrote in support of Bakhtiar led to the revolutionaries’ hostility, it was not why she left Iran. "I was thinking that we should resist and stop the clergy in the country. At that time I was the only member of my family still living in Iran. In addition to what I had done, they heard rumors, which made them extremely worried for me. That is why I decided to visit them to prove that I was all right. When I finally reached Europe, the Iran-Iraq war broke out and it was no longer possible for me to return."

During the initial years after she left the country, Mahshid Amirshahi concentrated her political activity on defending freedom of expression and the separation of religion and politics. In 1992 she led France’s campaign to support Salman Rushdie, who faced a campaign of violence and hatred from some Muslims, and who Ayatollah Khomeini called on Muslims to murder. She helped found the Committee to Defend Salman Rushdie in Franc” with French intellectual Claude Lefort, and published a statement on behalf of Iranian artists and intellectuals in his defense. 

On a program broadcast on the weekly BBC Persian program Tamasha hosted by Maryam Erfan, Amirshahi talked of her love for the Persian language. "In my sunless, isolated and gloomy room in exile, with its window not opening to any green branch or a corner of the blue sky, I talk to myself in a loud voice so that I will hear the echo of Persian words again.”

Her love for her mother tongue drove her commitment to both writing and politics, and she gave book readings and lectures all over the world, including at Harvard University, the French Senate, and the world congress of Spanish writers, which were well received by both prominent writers and audiences. She has been celebrated for her writing and credited with bringing the Persian language to wider audiences, with one Canadian lecturer in comparative literature drawing attention to the immersive and compelling nature of her work. 

Mahshid Amirshahi says she has paid the price for the stances she has taken, and for being a loner, which she has described as painful. But she added,  "It has another consequence as well and that is the sense of pride, which heals that pain." 

comments

Society & Culture

Ebrahim Golestan, Giant of Iranian Cinema and Persian Literature, Dies at 101

August 23, 2023
3 min read
Ebrahim Golestan, Giant of Iranian Cinema and Persian Literature, Dies at 101